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Smart But Scattered

Scientists who study child development have recently found that kids who are ‘smart but scattered’ lack or lag behind in crucial executive skills – the core, brain-based habits of mind required to ‘execute’ tasks like getting organized, staying focused, and controlling emotions. Drawing on this revolutionary discovery, school psychologist Peg Dawson and neuropsychologist Richard Guare have developed an innovative program that parents and teachers can use to strengthen kids’ abilities to plan ahead, be efficient, follow through, and get things done. “Smart but Scattered” provides ways to assess children’s strengths and weaknesses and offers guidance on day-to-day issues like following instructions in the classroom, doing homework, completing chores, reducing performance anxiety, and staying cool under pressure. Small steps add up to big improvements, enabling these kids to build the skills they need to live up to their full potential. More than 40 reproducibles are included.

via Smart But Scattered.

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Attentional mechanisms and ADHD

According to James Swanson et al, ADHD or Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, whether Inattentive type, Hyperactive type or Combined type, is characterised by difficulties with attention in at least one of three areas, of which executive function is just one. The other two components are ‘alerting’ and ‘orienting’.

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What is Executive Function?

What is executive function? Think of it as the brain’s higher command centre. It is the area of the brain that filters incoming stimuli, assesses the situation at hand, coordinates and regulates the brain and body’s responses, and is involved in planning the appropriate course of action. Continue reading